Caucasus is an unique region by the geographical arrangement, natural conditions and national traditions. Caucasus always been an object of great attention of scientists of Russia and all world. Rather uneasy modern situation in this region in present time only strengthens interest to its problems that demands their more serious scientific judgement. Caucasiology, having more than 150 years history, now experiences the complex stage partly caused by break of scientific communications conducting Caucasiological schools of the world - Russia and Georgia. It has resulted scientists of Moscow, Tbilisi and cities of Northern Caucasus to idea about establishment of scientific magazine in which the scientific idea of Caucasus and on Caucasus will be reflected that would allow to unit our efforts in searches of answers to pressing questions in this area. We hope, that magazine Caucasiology will continue the best traditions of such collections what periodicals Caucasian Department of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society were, Caucasian Department of the Medical Society, Caucasian Society of Amateurs of Archeology and Natural sciences - News CDIPGS, Note CDIPGS, the Collection of Materials for the Description of Districts and Tribes of Caucasus, the Collection of Data on Caucasus, the Collection of Data about Caucasian Mountaineer etc. Versatility of magazine will allow to coordinate efforts of the experts working in the most different areas of Caucasiology - linguists, literary critics, historians, ethnographers, philosophers...