Paliashvili was one of the founders, conductor, and creative leader of the orchestra of the Georgian Musicians’ Society. His repertoire was rich with the works by Georgian, Russian and Western European composers including more then 80 operas. He was the first Georgian conductor to perform the Ninth Symphony by Ludwig van Beethoven for the Georgian audience (1927). He was famous for his mastery and artistic emotionality. Paliashvili is considered the founders of professional conducting in Georgia.
Ivane Paliashvili died in 1934. He is buried in Mtatsminda Pantheon.