In 1925, Chkheidze brilliantly played Hamlet and gain publics acknowledgment as a very talented dramatic actor. Afterwards, he together with other actors moved in newly founded Kote Marjanishvili State Theater in Kutaisi (1928-30) and Tbilisi (from 1930). In the performances of classical western European repertoire produced by Kote Marjanishvili he virtuosically played main heroes. Chkheidze was gifted with a temperament, artistic charisma, and broad skills. His creativity and expressionism charmed the spectators. His play Giorgi Saakadze was produced in Kote Marjanshishvili Theater (by E. Kushitashvili in 1940 and by V. Tabliahsvili in 1953). He wrote books Kote Marjanishvili: Producer and Teacher (1949) and Memoires and Letters (1956). Chkheidze played main heroes in many Georgian films. He died in 1953 and is buried in Mtatsminda Pantheon for Writers and Public Persons. One of Tbilisi’s streets is named after Ushangi Chkheidze.