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/ Historical Calendar
13 November – Kote Makashvili was born
Kote Makashvili, a Georgian writer and public person, was born into the family of noble man in the village of Ikalto in 1875. Kote was 8 years old when he wrote his first poem. 10-year-old Kote Makashvili began to study at the School for Noble Men. Two years later, he continued his study in Tbilisi Classical Gymnasium, which he finished in 1895. Kote Makashvili graduated from St. Petersburg University Faculty of Law.
14 November – Murman Lebanidze was born
Murman Lebanidze, a Georgian poet, was born in the village of Agstafa in Azerbaijan in 1922. After finishing a secondary school in 1940, he continued his study at Tbilisi State University, Faculty of Philology. As soon as the Second World War broke, Lebanidze went to the front. He was fighting at the Caucasian pass, then in Kuban. In 1943, he returned to Tbilisi because of a wound. In 1945, Lebanidze continued his study at Tbilisi State University, Faculty of Philology, and graduated in 1948.
15 November – Giorgi (Gigla) Pirtskhalava was born
Giorgi Pirtskhalava, a Georgian artist, sculptor and cartoonist, People’s Artist of Georgia, was born in 1922. He graduated from Tbilisi State Academy of Fine Art (1950) and began to publish his cartoons in the magazine Niangi in 1941-42.
16 November – Giorgi Shavgulidze was born
Giorgi Shavgulidze, a Georgian actor, People’s Artist of Georgia (1955), Laureate of the USSR State Prize (1952), was born in 1910. He was the leading actor at Kote Marjanishvili State Academic Theatre for 30 years.
17 November – Galaktion Tabidze was born
Galaktion Tabidze, one of the greatest poets of the twentieth century was born into the family of a teacher in the village of Chkvishi in 1891. He was the most distinguished Georgian poet, People’s Poet of Georgia (1933), Academician of the Georgian Academy of Sciences (1944). From 1900, Tabidze studied in the Kutaisi Clerical Gymnasium; in 1908, he continued his study in Tbilisi Clerical Seminary. In 1910-1911, he worked as a teacher. Galaktion Tabidze is a co-founder of the popular literary magazine Mnatobi (1924).
18 November – Chabua Amirejibi was born
Mzechabuk (Chabua) Amirejibi, a famous Georgian novelist, essayist, public person, dissident during the Soviet regime, was born into the prominent noble family in Tbilisi in 1921. His family was repressed during the Great Purge. Chabua Amirejibi finished Tbilisi secondary school and continued his study at the Transcaucasian Electric Technical Institute to become a radio technician.
30 November – Giorgi Nioradze was born
Giorgi Nioradze, a historian, co-founder of the Georgian archeology, member-correspondent of the Georgian Academy of Sciences (1946), was born in 1886. Giorgi Nioradze was a doctor of Historical Sciences (1935), Professor (1933), an honored scientist of Georgia (1944). From 1925, Nioradze was head of the section of archeology and Ethnography at the Georgian National Museum. In 1925, he became a lector of Tbilisi State University.
29 November – Kira Andronikashvili was born
Kira Andronikashvili, a Georgian actress and producer, an honored artist of Georgia (1959), was born in Tbilisi in 1908. She graduated from the USSR Institute of Film, faculty of film producing. His first important role was Eliso (film by N. Shengelaia Eliso, 1928). In 1935, she played main roles in many Georgian films and was one of the founders of the Georgian film traditions. From 1950, she worked as a producer of doubled films.
28 November –Ushangi Chkheidze was born
Ushangi Chkheidze, a Georgian actor, Peoples Artist of Georgia (1933) was born in 1898. In the beginning, he played at the workers’ theaters in Tbilisi. From 1920, he was acting in the Tbilisi Georgian Drama Theater; in 1921, he became a member of the troupe of Tbilisi Shota Rustaveli State Theater. He successfully performed in the plays by Georgian writers as well as in classical repertoire.
January 4 – His Holiness and Beatitude Ilia II Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia, Archbishop of Mtskheta and Tbilisi
His Holiness and Beatitude, Archbishop of Mtskheta and Tbilisi and Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia Ilia II, was born as Irakli Gudushauri-Shiolashvili on January 4, 1933, in the Vladikavkaz).
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