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/ Historical Calendar
18 May – International day of Museums
On May 26, 1918, Georgia declared its independence from the Russian empire and began to build a new democratic republic. It created very good circumstances for the creation of a new Georgian museum based on the existing ones, and, first of all, based on the Caasian Museum.
21 May - Sofiko Chiaureli, a prominent Georgian actress, was born
Sofiko Chiaureli was born in Tbilisi on May 21, 1937, to the family of the famous Georgian director Mikhail Chiaureli and the actress Veriko Anjaparidze. In 1960 she graduated from the State Institute of Cinematography (VGIK) in Moscow.
13 January – Alexandre Kipshidze (Proneli) was born
Alexandre Kipshidze (pen name “Proneli”), a Georgian historian, essayist, public and political figure, was born in the village of Tsveri in 1862. In 1888, he graduated from Kharkov University, Faculty of History and Philology.
12 January – Guram Sagaradze was born
A distinguished Georgian actor Guram Sagaradze was born in Tbilisi in 1929. In 1951, he graduated from Tbilisi State Theatrical Institute, Faculty of Acting, and became an actor of Shota Rustaveli Academic Theatre. He is also a professor of Shota Rustaveli State Institute of Theatre and Cinema.
10 January – Jansug Kakhidze was born
Jansug Kakhidze, a Georgian conductor, nicknamed “the Slavic Karajan”, was music director of the Georgian State Symphony Orchestra for two decades since 1973. Kakhidze was born in 1936.
9 January – Nikoloz Berdzenishvili was born
Niko Berdzenishvili, a distinguished Georgian historian and scholar, was born in Gogolesubani in 1894. He graduated from Batumi Gymnasium and continued his studies at Moscow and Tbilisi universities.
8 January – Giorgi Leonidze was born
Giorgi Leonidze, a distinguished Georgian poet, novelist and literary scholar, was born in 1899 in the village of Patardzeuli, East Georgia. Leonidze was a laureate of Shota Rustaveli State Prize (1969), a People’s Poet of Georgia (1959), Academician of the Georgian Academy of Sciences (1944).
January 7 – Konstantine Lortkipanidze was born
Konstantine Lortkipanidze, a Georgian writer, was born in 1905. He was awarded Shota Rustaveli State Prize (1971), Georgian State Prize (1981). In 1942-44, he was a war correspondent. He was one of the founders of magazine Literaturnaia Gruzia and its first Editor-in-Chief (1956-1962). He also was the editor of many famous Georgian magazines, such as Tsiskari (1962-66), Saunje (1973-1977), Nakaduli (1966-1973) etc.
6 January – Nikolas Marr was born
Nikolas Marr, a famous philologist, oriental scholar and ethnographer, was born into the family of a Scottish father and a Georgian mother in Kutaisi, in 1864. Marr graduated from the Faculty of Oriental Languages of St. Petersburg University where he began teaching as a professor.
5 January – Meliton Balanchivadze was born
Meliton Balanchivadze, a famous Georgian Composer, People’s Artist of the Georgian SSR (1933), founder of the Georgian opera music, father of Andria Balanchivadze and George Balanchine, was born in Kutaisi. He graduated from St. Petersburg Conservatory and studied musical theory under Nikolas Rimsky-Korsakov.
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