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/ Historical Calendar
26 November – Marjory Wardrop was born
Marjory Scott Wardrop, an English translator, supporter of the Georgian culture and literature, was born in 1869. She independently studied the Georgian language and translated many works from Georgian into English.
27 November – Vaso Godziashvili was born
Vasil (Vaso) Godziashvili, a famous Georgian actor, People’s Artist of Georgia (1953) and USSR (1958), laureate of the Shota Rustaveli State Prize (1971) and USSR State Prize (1952), was born in 1905. In 1922-24, he was studying in Tbilisi Drama Studio (directed by A. Pagava). In 1924-30, Godziashvili was an actor of Shota Rustaveli State Theater, later he moved to Kote Marjanishvili State Theater (1930 -1976).
8 December – Revaz Chkheidze was born
A famous Georgian film director Revaz Chkheidze was born in 1926. He studied at the Tbilisi Theatre Institute. He is acknowledged as one of the best Georgian film directors. He and Tengiz Abuladze were junior (third-year) students studied at the third year of their study when they sent a letter to the great filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein in Moscow. They wanted to continue their study in Moscow and attend the Lectures by Sergei Eisenstein.
January 1 – The first issue of the literary magazine Tsiskari published
The first Issue of the Georgian literary magazine Tsiskari was published in 1852, but the innovation was short-lived. In 1857, a nobleman and public person Ivane Kereselidze decided to renew publishing of the magazine. Therefore, he reopened the publishing house and, afterwards, served as an editor-in-chief of Tsiskari until 1875.
January 2 - Valerian Gaprindashvili was born
Valerian Gaprindashvili (1889–1941), a poet and translator, was one of the leaders of the poetry group Tsisperkantselebi (“Blue Horns”), the movement that was influenced by the European Symbolism.
January 3 – Ekvtime Takaishvili was born
Ekvtime Takaishvili, the famous Georgian historian and archaeologist, canonized by the Georgian Orthodox Church, was born in the village of Likhauri (Guria). Since 1894, after graduating from St. Petersburg University, he taught History, Geography, Greek and Latin at Tbilisi Classical Gymnasium where he served as a director for ten years.
16 June - Otia Ioseliani was born
‘In my hard biography,’ writes Otia Ioseliani, ‘there was no light day. How I may find one when it didn’t existed. As I know, Hemingway said, that a writer’s academy is his unhappy childhood. So I finished the academy perfectly. Otia Ioseliani was born in the village of Gvishtibi, near Tskaltubo, in 1930. He was only one year old when his father died, so he was brought up by his mother in hardship.
17 June - the first Georgian opera was performed
Revaz Gogniashvili, an author of the first Georgian opera, studied at Tbilisi Musical School. In 1913, he graduated from Paris Conservatory, Faculty of Composition. During his study in Paris, his first piano piece Sadness was published by one of the publishing houses in Paris.
21 June - Akaki Tsereteli was born
Akaki Tsereteli was a Georgian poet, writer, public figure and benefactor, one of the leaders of national movement in the late 19th century. Tsereteli was born into a prominent noble family in Imereti and was related to King Solomon I of Imereti. Educated at Kutaisi Gymnasium, he continued his studies in St. Petersburg University in 1859-1863. His first poem was Candle, published in 1856 when he was only 16 years old.
22 June - Mikheil Kvlividze was born
Mikheil Kvlividze (1925) graduated from Tbilisi State Academy of Arts in 1950. He was one of the best Georgian poets of the 20th century. His first verses appeared in 1945, his first collection of poems was published in 1952. He lived in Moscow for the long period (1952-60), however, he was actively working for the Georgian readers and published many poems.
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