The National Library of Georgia მთავარი - ბიბლიოთეკის შესახებ - ელ.რესურსები
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წიგნის დახურვა ცენტრალური და ადგილობრივი სამოხელეო წყობა შუა საუკუნეების საქართველოში
დოკუმენტის ნახვა შესავალი
დოკუმენტის ნახვა ცენტრალური და ადგილობრივი სამოხელეო წყობა შუა საუკუნეების საქართველოში (ზოგადი მიმოხილვა)
დოკუმენტის ნახვა INTRODUCTION
დოკუმენტის ნახვა Glossary
დოკუმენტის ნახვა ცენტრალური და ადგილობრივი მმართველობის მოხელეები
დოკუმენტის ნახვა გამოყენებული წყაროები და სამეცნიერო ლიტერატურა

Glossary

 

Amilakhori, amirakhori-chief of the cavalry; assistant of amirspasalari; he was generally invited to the council of viziers and had a deliberative vote (Regulations 1993:114).

Amirejibi - head of ejibis or door-keepers and assistant of mandaturtukhutsesi; he was authorized to be present at the council of viziers with a deliberative vote (Regulations 1993:114).

Amirspasalari - the generalissimo, the vizier who headed the military office; head of spasalaris (commanders of the army) (Regulations 1993:114).

Atabagi - the second vizier at the court (the first was the mtsignobartukhutsesi?tchqondideli). The first atabagi in Georgia was the former msakhurtukhutsesiof the court Ivane Mkhargrdzeli (Regulations 1993:114).

Atasistavi - head of the military unit consisted of thousand people. Aznauri - a class of Georgian nobility.

Chukhcharekhi - according to I. Antelava „achukhchi“ and „amirchukhchi“ is the lowest official. „Chukhcharekhi“ is an official of a high rank. He was in charge of the King's administrative office and at the same time he was the King's personal chief armourer (Regulations 1993:116).

Darbazi - I. the King's palace; 2. State council, which consisted of viziers, local rulers (eristavis), bishops and high?ranking feudal having no post at the court (?ukheloni?) (Regulations 1993:114).

Darbazis kma - a vassal at the Palace.

Darbazoba - 1.I formal reception; 2. Meeting of the state council in feudal Georgia (Regulations 1993:114).

Ejibi - one of the high officials at the royal court, door-keeper (Regulations 1993:114).

Erismtavari - the term denoted the head of the feudal state of Kartli in the 6th-9th cc.

Eristavi - ruler of a territorial-administrative unit (saeristao) of the state (Regulations 1993:114). Ezos chukhcharekhiepitropos.

Ezos modzgvari - head, governor of the economic and finance office at the royal court (1st c. BC - 1st c. AD).

Ganmgetukhutsesi - head of saganmgeo; he was responsible for food supplies, economic services of the palace; he organized parties at the royal court; epitropos.

Gazrdiloba - a patronage system implemented at the royal court of Georgia. Khelshinauri - servants and low rank officials of the royal court.

Mamasakhlisi - high rank official who was in charge of administrative and economic issues of the royal court.

Mandaturi (mandator) - the lowest official of the police (Regulations 1993:115). Mandaturtukhutsesi - the chief of the police: he was a vizier who functioned as the minister of Home Affairs (Regulations 1993:115).

Mdivanbegi - chief judge, head of the law-court in medieval Georgia.

Mdivantukhtsesi - head of secretaries.

Meabjretukhutsesi - chief of squires.

Mesatsoletukhutsesi - head of servants and guard at the king's cabinet (chamber); cubicularius.

Metchurtchletukhutsesi - the minister of finance; a vizier who was in charge of money affairs of the kingdom. He was the fourth vizier at the court and had the same rank as msakhurtukhutsesi (Regulations 1993:115).

Meghvinetukhutsesi - head of wine?makers and sahgvine (special institute for revenues from wine sales, storage of wine, etc.); chief supervisor of taxes for wine.

Mejinibetukhutsesi - head of stables and stable-men. In the united Georgia, he was a subordinated official of amilakhori; in the late feudal period, he was under the king's subordination.

Msakhurtukhutsesi - chief of the servants. This office was introduced by Queen Rusudan (13th cent.). He was in charge of the treasury, of the King's chamber and of the servants of the King's court. He had the same rank as metchurtchletukhutsesi (Regulations 1993:115).

Msajult shekrebiloba - council of judges

Mstovari - spy.

Molaretukhutsesi - head of Salaro who kept the great royal seal.

Molare - low rank official of Salaro.

Monapre - a feudal governor in the frontier districts in the 12th-13th cc.; margrave.?

Monatukhutsesi - see msakhurtukhutsesi.

Mouravi - local official in old Georgia, he had administrative, economic and judicial functions; supervisor of feudal domains, head of district, town or country. The office of mouravi of Tbilisi or Gori was the most important. The muravis were assisted by meliqi, mamasakhlisi, and natsvali.

Mtsignobari (scribe) - a secretary who was subordinated to the mtsignobartukhutses-tchkondideli (Regulations 1993:115).

Mtsignobartukhutses-tchqondideli - chairman of the viziers; chancellor.

Mtsignobartukhutsesi - the head of scribes and secretaries; tchkondideli?-?the bishop of Tchkondidi. These two offices were united into one by David the Builder (King of Georgia [1089-1125]). He made the bishop of Tchkondidi act as mtsignobartukhutsesi, thus subordinating the church to himself and strengthening his power (Regulations 1993:115).

Pitiakhshi - one of the highest officials in the kingdom of Kartli; vicegerent and head of the province. Later this term was substituted by the term spaspeti.

Sadrosho - an administrative division in medieval Georgia, which supplied men for a subdivision of the army marked by its own banner.

Saeristavo - territorial and administrative unit, headed by eristavi.?

Saganmgeo - economic services of the Palace; store house.

Salaro - place where the great royal seal, state archive, valuable and etc. are kept.

Samouravo - a part of large secular or ecclesiastic feudal lands governed by mouravi.

Sakhltukhutsesi - high rank official in the royal and feudal courts; he managed economic, finance and administrative sphere; majordomo.

Satavado - a large feudal hierarchy and political unit in the 15th-18th cc. in Georgia.

Savaziro - the council of viziers which was actually the government. The council of viziers included: mtsignobartukhutses-tchqondideli, atabagi, amirspasalari, mandaturtukhutsesi, metchurtchletukhutsesi, msakhurtukhutsesi, and three assistants of the viziers with deliberative votes: the secretary of the chamber, the amilakhori and the amirejibi (Regulations 1993:115).?

Sepe-tsuli - people who lived in the royal domain.

Spaspeti - head of the military office.

Tadzreuli - servants of the royal or feudal court, low and middle rank officials.

Treasure-house - the house where all the valuable utensils, dishes, vessels and treasures were kept (for everyday use) (Regulations 1993:115).

Treasury - place where valuable were kept (not for everyday use) (Regulations 1993:115).

Tsikhistavi - military and administrative officer, head of the fortress (as an administrative and military structure) or small fortified towns.

Upali mamasakhlisi - tribal leader.

Vizier - the chief of a department of central government. In feudal Georgia during the period of unification there were 6 viziers: mtsignobartukhutsesi-tchqondideli, atabagi, amirspasalari, mandaturtukhutsesi, metchurtchletukhutsesi and msakhurtukhutsesi (Regulations 1993:115).?

Sources and Scholarly Literature:

Abashidze, Z.; Once again on the term Mtsignobartukhutsesi?Tchkondideli, Problems of the history of Religion, II, Tbilisi, 2013

Abuladze, I.; Old Georgian Hagiography literature, v. I, Tbilisi, 1963 Abuladze, I.; Old Georgian Hagiography literature, v.II Tbilisi, 1967

Andronikashvili, M.; Essays on the Iranian and Georgia Linguistic Relationships, v. I, 1966 Antelava, I.; Central and Local Official Governance in Georgia in the 11th?13th cc. Tbilisi, 1983

Bardavelidze, V.; From the History of the Relationships of Mountain and Valley in Georgia (institution of foster brother), Matsne, History Series №3, 1971

Bakhtadze, M., The Institution of Eristavi in Georgia, Artanuji, Tbilisi, 2003

Berdzenishvili, N.; History of Georgia, Tbilsi, 1958

Berdzenishvili, N.; SavaPrince Ioane of Georgia; Justice, edited and commented by Iv. Surguladze, Metsniereba, Tbilisi, 1957

Gabashvili, V.; On the Issues of the State Political Order in the Late Feudal Georgia, Mimomkhilveli 2, 1951

Jamburia, G.; From the History of Feudal Relationships in Georgia (Satavado of Somkhit-Sabaratiano), Tbilisi, 1955

Jamburia, G.; State Order in the Georgian Principalities in the 16th-17th cc. in Essays of the History of Georgia, Tbilisi, 1973

Javakhishvili, Iv.; Collection of works in 12 volumes, v. VI, Tbilisi 1982

Kaukhchishvili, S.; The Life of Kartli, v.I, Tbilisi, 1955

Kaukhchishvili, S.; The Life of Kartli, v.II, Tbilisi, 1959

Kaukhchishvili, S.; The Life of Kartli, v.IV Tbilisi 1973

Kaukhchishvili,T.; Geography by Strabo, Notes about Georgia, Tbilisi 1957

Kikvidze, A.; Georgian State Darbazi and its place in the Man in the Panther's Skin, Problems of the Georgian History, Tbilisi, 1968

Klimiashvili, A.; Materials for the History of Sadrosho in Kartli and Kakheti (15th-18th cc.), in the collection of works: The 14th-18th cc. Some Georgian Historical Documents, Tbilisi, 1964

Lominadze, B.: Georgia in the First Half of the 14th c. End of the Mongolian Dominance. Giorgi the Illustrious, in: Essays of the Georgian History, Tbilisi, 1979

Lortkipanidze, M.; On the problem of the city officials in the Feudal Georgia (Officials with Arabic Titles), Materials for the Georgian and Caucasian History, 30, Tbilisi, 1954

Lortkipanidze, M.; Rustaveli's Epoch, Tbilisi, 1966

Lortkipanidze, M.; Formation of New Feudal Principalities,in Essays in Georgian History, II, Tbilisi, 1973

Maisuradze, M.; For the Interpretation of the Term ?Ezosmodzgvari? According the ?Martyrdom of Saint?Drosi?, Mravaltavi VII, 1980

Mamulia, G.; Formation of the Class Society and State in the Ancient Kartli, Tbilisi, 1979

Melikishvili, G.; For the History of the Ancient Georgia, Published by the Georgian Academy of Science, Tbilisi, 1959 (in Russian)

Melikishvili,M.; Problems of Social, Economic and Statehood Order of the First Century Kartli,?in Essays in Georgian History, 1, Tbilisi, 1970

Meskhia, Sh.; Materials for the History of the Official Order of the Kingdom of Kartl?Kahketi, Introduction, Notes and Index by Shota Meskhia, Materials for the History of Georgia and Caucasus, v.1 (26), Tbilisi, 1948

Meskhia, Sh.; Cities and City Order in Feudal Georgia, Tbilsi State University Publishers, Tbilisi 1959 (in Russian)

Muskhelishvili, D.; Georgia in the 4th-8th cc. Tbilisi, 2003

Otkhmezuri, G.; Georgian Lapidary Inscriptions at the Turn of 12th-13th cc. as a Historical Source,?Tbilisi, 1981

Orbeliani, Sulkham Saba.; Georgian Dictionary, v.1. Tbilisi, 1991, v. II, Tbilisi 1993?

Regulations of the Royal Court, edited by K.Surguladze, Tbilisi, 1993 ?

Surguladze, Iv.; For the History of the Georgian State and Justice, I, Tbilisi 1952

Surguladze, Iv.; Monuments of the Georgian Justice 1. Regulations of the Royal Court, Tbilisi, 1970?

Tsereteli, G.; Armazi Bilingual, Works of N. Mar Institute of Language, History and Material Culture, 13, Tbilisi, 1942